European dating standards

Some of the best-known civilizations of prehistoric Europe were the Minoan and the Mycenaean, which flourished during the Bronze Age until they collapsed in a short period of time around 1200 BC.The period known as classical antiquity began with the emergence of the city-states of Ancient Greece.The Reconquista, a related movement, worked to reconquer Iberia for Christendom.Eastern Europe in the High Middle Ages was dominated by the rise and fall of the Mongol Empire.After 1800, the Industrial Revolution brought prosperity to Britain and Western Europe.The main powers set up colonies in most of the Americas and Africa, and parts of Asia.By 300 AD the Roman Empire was divided into the Western and Eastern empires.

The Cold War dominated European geo-politics from 1947 to 1989.The Normans, a Viking people who settled in Northern France, had a significant impact on many parts of Europe, from the Norman conquest of England to Southern Italy and Sicily.The Rus' people founded Kievan Rus', which evolved into Russia.Led by Genghis Khan, the Mongols were a group of steppe nomads who established a decentralized empire which, at its height, extended from China in the east to the Black and Baltic Seas in Europe.As Mongol power waned towards the Late Middle Ages, the Grand Duchy of Moscow rose to become the strongest of the numerous Russian principalities and republics and would grow into the Tsardom of Russia in 1547.

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